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History books traditionally depict the pre-Columbus Americas as a pristine wilderness where small native villages lived in harmony with nature. But. Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories relate to visits or interactions with the Americas and/or indigenous peoples of the Americas by people from Africa, Asia, Europe, or Oceania before Columbus's  ‎Claims of Polynesian · ‎Claims of East Asian contact · ‎Claims of European contact. INTRODUCTION TO UNITED STATES HISTORY I AMERICA BEFORE COLUMBUS AUTHORS:GEOFFREY D. PLOURDE, JASON OLIPHANT.


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The research team examined various scenarios, none of which they could say for certain were correct. They dismissed a scenario of direct contact in prehistory between Polynesia and Brazil as "too unlikely to be seriously entertained.

america before columbus

These " Na-Dene " peoples, who share many linguistic and genetic similarities not found in other parts of the Americas, populated the far north of the Americas and only made it as south as Oasisamerica.

America before columbus working had not been developed in Alaska at the time and suggest the bronze came from nearby Asia—possibly China, Korea, or Russia. america before columbus


Also inside the house were found the remains of obsidian artifacts, which have a chemical signature america before columbus indicates the obsidian is from the Anadyr River america before columbus in Russia. The study suggests that the contact could have been trans-oceanic or a late-stage coastal migration that did not leave genetic imprints in North America.

Pre-Columbian era - Wikipedia

Gordon Ekholm, who was an eminent archaeologist and curator at the American Museum of Natural Historysuggested that the Olmec art style might have originated in America before columbus Age China. In artifacts identified at the time as Chinese coins were discovered in British Columbia.

A contemporary account states that: Columbia, thirty Chinese coins in the america before columbus sand, twenty-five feet below the surface. They appeared to have been strung, but on taking them up the miner let them drop apart.

Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories - Wikipedia

The earth above and around them was as compact as any in the neighborhood. One of these coins I examined at the store of Chu Chong in Victoria. Neither in metal nor markings did it resemble the modern coins, but in its figures looked more like an Aztec calendar.

So far as I can make out the markings, this america before columbus a Chinese chronological cycle america before columbus sixty years, invented by Emperor HuungtiBCE, and circulated in this form to make his people remember it.


Ina vase containing similar discs was also discovered, wrapped in the roots of a tree around years old. Although Chinese mapmakers america before columbus this territory on the Asian coast, others have suggested as early as the s [50] that Fusang might have been in North America, due to perceived similarities between portions of the California coast and Fusang as depicted by Asian sources.

These sometimes called the Palos Verdes stones were initially thought to be up to years old and proof of pre-Columbian contact by Chinese sailors.

Later geological investigations showed them to be a local rock known as Monterey shaleand they are thought to have been used by Chinese settlers fishing off the coast in the nineteenth century.

This refers to an environmental area occupied by an assortment of ancient cultures that shared religious beliefs, art, architecture, and technology in the Americas for more than three thousand years.

Between and BCE, complex cultures began to form in Mesoamerica.

Introduction to US History/America Before Columbus

The Mexica civilization is also america before columbus as the Aztec Triple Alliancesince they were three smaller kingdoms loosely united together. They also invented the wheel, but it was used solely as a toy.


In addition, they used native coppersilver and gold for metalworking. Their number system was base 20 and included zero. These early count-markings were associated with astronomical events and underscore the influence that astronomical activities had upon Mesoamerican people before the arrival of Europeans.

America before columbus of the later Mesoamerican civilizations carefully built their cities and ceremonial centers according to specific astronomical events. The biggest Mesoamerican cities, such as TeotihuacanTenochtitlanand Cholulawere among the largest in the world.