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Composition of Chrétien de Troyes’s Lancelot (Le Chevalier de la charrette), a courtly romance whose hero obeys every imperious (and unreasonable) demand of the heroine. made him the hero of Lancelot; ou, le chevalier de la charrette, which retold an existing legend about. Little concerning the person we call "Chrétien de Troyes" (fl. ca. . Chrétien confides the finishing of Lancelot to Godefroi de Leigni; his name surfaces at the. Chrétien de Troyes's masterpiece Lancelot, The Knight of the Cart is a riveting tale of knightly valor and courtly love. This romance marks the.


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Lancelot, by Chretien de Troyes

Although there is much learned debate as to the date s of composition of these two romances, recent studies have argued convincingly 1 on behalf of a simultaneous composition they were designed to be read together, as a kind of narrative counterpoint to one another ; and 2 for a rather detailed sequence of episodic composition e.

The implications of these conclusions are poetically important as well as being founded in quite plausible fact. One implication of significance is that, while both Lancelot and Yvain stand on their own feet as independent and well-structured narratives, together they constitute lancelot chretien de troyes "narrative coupling" which adds up to more than the sum of both taken individually: Madness folie in Yvain constitutes a comment on Tristan's "unreasoning" passion; it is identified with the self-destructiveness of that passion, for in his madness Yvain has lost everything, including all semblance of chevalerie.

Meanwhile, in the Charrette Lancelot's love for the queen is decidedly not a form of folie.

Lancelot: The Knight of the Cart

On the contrary, it constitutes a higher form of reason even as Love claims Lancelot's allegiance against Reason. Like Yvain, Lancelot comes to his senses, but he does so when he finally understands that he has betrayed his love by ever so briefly hestitating before climbing into the infamous cart.

For Lancelot the "higher reason" of Love is superior to the kind of common sense reason embodied by Gauvain, just as Yvain's devotion lancelot chretien de troyes chivalric service to his wife are superior to gratuitous and vainglorious triumphs in tourneys.

It is perhaps King Mark who loves most nobly in the Tristan story--who loves both his wife and his poor nephew. Le Chevalier de la Charrette Lancelot The Manuscript Tradition As noted previously in lancelot chretien de troyes Introduction, the Chevalier de la Charrette has survived either in "complete" or in fragmentary form in some eight 13th-century manuscripts.

Let me provide a brief description of each I am using W. Alfred Foulet and K.

Fragment; begins at v. It contains various texts in the following order: On foat the close of Fergus, the scribe names himself as Colins li Fruitiers; the presence of several different handwritings has been discerned.

Complete; fos 27rr three columns.

Lancelot: The Knight of the Cart by Chrétien de Troyes

Copied by a scribe who identifies himself as Guiot fo r ; the manuscript omits vv. Taken as a whole, MS C is obviously a historiographical compendium organized according to the translatio topic: Also contains Le Roman de Fierabras.


A late title page lancelot chretien de troyes the inscription: The loss of two quires results in the manuscript's beginning at v. The manuscript also contains, in the order given below, the following works: Non-continuous fragments totalling about lines: MS G was not known to either W.

Roques; described by L. Rahilly, in Romania 94 MS G is the only manuscript in the Charrette tradition to contain illuminations fos 22r and 34r. MS I was unknown to Foerster, and although it was for a while in Roques's hands he presented it to the Institut libraryhe never cites it.

Lancelot | work by Chrétien de Troyes |

At present this manuscript is not included in our textual database. Complete; fos 41r col. Ci fenist li romanz dou chevalier de la charrete ; two columns.

An interpolation of some lines not found in other manuscripts occurs at v. The manuscripts contents follow this order: Fragment of the Charrette; fos 1rr Ci faut li romanz de la charrete ; two columns. Each felt free to modify the exemplar he used in order to serve lancelot chretien de troyes intention with which their work of copying was identified.