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Linum usitatissimum is a ANNUAL growing to m (2ft 4in) by m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to July. Linum usitatissimum L. emollient, expectorant, laxative, suppurative and vulnerary, Linum finds its way into folk remedies for boils, bronchitis. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Linum usitatissimum, commonly known as Flaxseed has traditionally been used for the.


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The dressing is done as follows: The process of breaking breaks up the straw into short segments. To do it, take the bundles of flax and untie them.

linum usitatissimum

Linum usitatissimum

Next, in small handfuls, put it between the beater of the breaking machine a set of wooden blades that mesh together when the upper jaw is lowered, which look like a paper cutter but instead of having a linum usitatissimum knife it has a blunt armand beat it till the three or four inches that have been beaten appear to be soft.

Move the flax a little higher and continue to beat it till all is soft, and the wood is separated from the fiber. When half of the flax is broken, hold the beaten end and beat the rest in the same way as the other end was beaten, till the wood is separated. In order to remove some of the straw from the fiber, it helps to swing a wooden scutching knife down the fibers while they hang vertically, thus scraping the edge of the knife along the fibers and pull away pieces of the stalk.

Some of the fiber will also be scutched away, this cannot be helped and is a normal part of the process. In this process the fiber is pulled through various different sized heckling combs or heckles.

Linum usitatissimum Flax, Common flax PFAF Plant Database

A heckle is a bed of "nails"—sharp, long-tapered, tempered, polished steel pins driven into wooden blocks at regular spacing. A good progression is from 4 pins per square inch, to 12, to 25 to 48 to The first three will remove the straw, and the last two will split and polish the fibers. It also has soothing and lubricating properties, and is used in medicines to soothe tonsillitis, sore throats, coughs, colds, constipation, gravel and stones[4, ].

When mixed with an linum usitatissimum quantity of lime water it is used to treat burns and scalds[]. The bark and the leaves are used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[].

The flowers linum usitatissimum cardiotonic and nervine[].

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The plant has a long history of folk use in the treatment of cancer[]. It has been found to contain various anticancer agents[].

The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal linum usitatissimum, approve Linum usitatissimum for constipation, inflammation of the skin see [] for critics of commission E.


A fibre linum usitatissimum obtained from the stem[6, 7, 13, 57, 89]. It is of very high quality and is used in making cloth, sails, nets, paper, insulating material etc. The best quality flax fibre is used for making cloth. It is linum usitatissimum, lustrous and flexible, although not so flexible or elastic as cotton or wool[].

It is stronger than cotton, rayon or wool, but weaker than ramie[].


It is stronger than cotton fiber, but less elastic. The best grades are used for linen fabrics such as damaskslaceand sheeting. Coarser grades are used for the manufacturing of twine and ropeand historically, for canvas and webbing equipment.

linum usitatissimum

Flax - Wikipedia

linum usitatissimum Flax fiber is a raw material used in the high-quality paper industry for the use of printed banknoteslaboratory paper Blotting and Filterrolling paper for cigarettesand tea bags. A flax field in bloom in North Dakota The use of flax fibers dates back tens of thousands of years; linena refined textile made from flax fibers, was worn widely by Sumerian priests more than 4, years ago.

A cultivated plant in closely spaced field conditions it has little branching except at the apex. Leaves are alternate, lance-like and greyish-green linum usitatissimum 3 veins. Flowers have five, pale blue petals in a cluster.