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The rotifers make up a phylum of microscopic and near-microscopic pseudocoelomate animals. They were first described by Rev. John Harris in , and other  ‎Taxonomy and naming · ‎Anatomy · ‎Feeding · ‎Reproduction and life cycle. Animals: Phylum Rotifera; Ziser Lecture Notes, 1. Phylum Rotifera. (Rotifers, Wheel Animals). living species very few fossils have been found. Rotifers are microscopic aquatic animals of the phylum Rotifera. Rotifers can be found in many freshwater environments and in moist soil, where they inhabit the.


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In this article we will discuss phylum rotifera Phylum Rotifera: Introduction to Phylum Rotifera 2. Diagnostic Features of Phylum Rotifera 3.

Scheme phylum rotifera Classification 4. Introduction to Phylum Rotifera: The animals commonly known as rotifers constitute the phylum Rotifera.

The maximum life span is about two months. Different types of eggs are produced. Some have thin shells and hatch within a few days.


Others may form a resistant resting stage capable of survival for many years before hatching. Females phylum rotifera lay between eggs. Rotifers reproduce both asexually and sexually.

In favourable conditions, females produce eggs that do not need to be fertilized and develop into daugher clones - a process called parthenogenesis.

However, if eggs are exposed to poor conditions, they develop into special females that produce eggs that develop into males.

Phylum Rotifera: Features and Classification | Zooplanktons

Sexual reproduction will then occur in the population. The eggs phylum rotifera result from these matings are encased in a thick-walled structure resistant to freezing during an Arctic winter.


phylum rotifera Rigid cuticles are often composed of multiple plates, and may bear spines, ridges, or other ornamentation. Their cuticle is nonchitinous and is formed from sclerotized proteins.

Phylum Rotifera

phylum rotifera The most distinctive feature of rotifers is the presence of a ciliated structure, called the corona, on the head. In the more primitive species, this forms a simple ring of cilia around the mouth from which an additional band of cilia stretches over the back of the head.


In the great majority of rotifers, however, this has evolved into a more complex structure. Modifications to the basic plan of phylum rotifera corona include alteration of the cilia into bristles or large tufts, and either expansion or loss of the ciliated band around the head.

In genera such as Collothecathe corona is modified to form a funnel surrounding the mouth. Those with more sophisticated microscopes and lighting techniques can give rotifers such as Philodina, grazing at lower left, a beautiful glow. At right, Collotheca is another monogonont rotifer, shown here bearing an egg on its stalk end.

Introduction to the Rotifera

Notice the extemely long coronal cilia phylum rotifera rotifer uses to catch food. Click on any of the pictures above for a larger image. Rotifers are multicellular animals with body cavities that are partially lined by mesoderm.

These organisms have specialized organ systems and a complete digestive tract that includes both a mouth and anus.

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Since these characteristics phylum rotifera all uniquely animal characteristics, rotifers are recognized as animals, even though they are microscopic. Most species of rotifers are phylum rotifera to micrometers long. However a few species, such as Rotaria neptunia may be longer than a millimeter Orstan Rotifers are thus multicellular creatures who make make their living at the scale of unicellular protists.