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It was one of the world's most versatile programming languages, dubbed the Swiss army knife of the Internet. A central repository (the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network, or CPAN) meant that for every person who wrote code, many more in the Perl community (the Programming Republic of Perl) could employ it. [[image:|right|Programming Republic Of Perl]] is also the name of the Perl module that downloads and installs other. Part I, we introduce the Perl programming language, with particular emphasis on the fea- tures that distinguish it from located at , where the source package, modules, documentation, and Canada. Czech Republic.


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  • - programming news, code and culture
  • The Fall Of Perl, The Web’s Most Promising Language
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  • Tech Tip: Install Perl modules using CPAN

Perl also has many built-in functions that provide tools often used in shell programming although many of these tools are programming republic of perl cpan by programs external to the shell such as sortingand calling operating system facilities.

Perl takes lists from Lisphashes "associative arrays" from AWKand regular expressions from sed.

These simplify and facilitate many parsing, text-handling, and data-management tasks. Also shared with Lisp are the implicit return of the last value in a block, and the fact that all statements have programming republic of perl cpan value, and thus are also expressions and can be used in larger expressions themselves.

Perl 5 added features that support complex data structuresfirst-class functions that is, closures as valuesand an object-oriented programming model.


These include referencespackages, class-based method dispatchand lexically scoped variablesalong with compiler directives for example, the strict pragma. A major additional feature introduced with Perl 5 was the ability to package code programming republic of perl cpan reusable modules. Wall later stated that "The whole intent of Perl 5's module system was to encourage the growth of Perl culture rather than the Perl core.

Learn the Perl/Tk module, Part 1: The basics of Perl/Tk

The interpreter knows the type and storage requirements of every data object in the program; it allocates and frees storage for them as necessary using reference counting so it cannot deallocate circular data structures without manual intervention.

Legal type conversions — for example, conversions from number programming republic of perl cpan string — are done automatically at run time ; illegal type conversions are fatal errors.

Design[ edit programming republic of perl cpan The design of Perl can be understood as a response to three broad trends in the computer industry: Many earlier computer languages, such as Fortran and C, aimed to make efficient use of expensive computer hardware.

In contrast, Perl was designed so that computer programmers could write programs more quickly and easily.

Perl/Tk Tutorial - Create GUI with Perl's Tk Module

Perl has many features that ease the task of the programmer at the expense of greater CPU and memory requirements. These include automatic memory management; dynamic typing ; strings, lists, and hashes; regular expressions; introspection; and an eval function.

Perl follows the theory of "no built-in limits," [59] an idea similar to the Zero One Infinity rule. Wall was trained as a linguist, and the design of Perl is very much informed by linguistic principles.

Examples include Huffman coding common constructions should be shortgood end-weighting the important information should come firstand a large collection of language primitives.

Perl favors language constructs that are concise and natural for humans to write, even where they complicate the Perl interpreter. Perl's syntax reflects the idea that programming republic of perl cpan that are programming republic of perl cpan should look different.

Array indices and hash keys use different kinds of braces.

Tech Tip: Install Perl modules using CPAN - TechRepublic

Strings and regular expressions have different standard delimiters. This approach can be contrasted with a language such as Lispwhere the programming republic of perl cpan basic syntax, composed of simple and universal symbolic expressionsis used for all purposes.

Perl does not enforce any particular programming paradigm proceduralobject-orientedfunctionalor others or even require the programmer to choose among them. There is programming republic of perl cpan broad practical bent to both the Perl language and the community and culture that surround it.

The preface to Programming Perl begins: It includes many features, tolerates exceptions to its rules, and employs heuristics to resolve syntactical ambiguities.